Did you know that not only overweight people develop diabetes and having a family history of diabetes does not mean you are doomed to get it? In fact, an estimated 7 percent of the population or 21 million people have diabetes in the U.S., and there are over 260 million people worldwide with diabetes, and that doesn’t count for the 418 million cases that are currently undiagnosed. Most people, though, are unaware about what diabetes is and how it affects the body.
Even if you don’t have diabetes, it’s important to learn a few facts about the disease. Your roommate or family member may have the disease or develop it one day, so in case you ever encounter someone experiencing diabetic shock, you’ll know what’s wrong and be able to help!
Diabetes Explained: When we eat, our food is broken down into glucose or sugar. People with diabetes have trouble changing food into needed energy. As a result, the levels of sugar in the blood become higher than normal. Their bodies aren’t able to make enough insulin in comparison to sugar. Make sense?
Symptoms: Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, increased fatigue, irritability, and blurry vision. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor!
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed before the age of 20. People who develop type 1 diabetes stop making insulin in their bodies or only make a very small amount. Since insulin is needed for the body to turn food into energy, people with type 1 diabetes need to be treated lifelong with insulin by wearing an insulin pump and having regular insulin injections throughout the day or administering the injections with a shot themselves. Regular meal planning and exercise are critical, too!
Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, affecting more than 90 percent of patients with the disease. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not make enough insulin and the cells are resistant to the effects of insulin. Since muscle and fat cells in the body need insulin to take up sugar from the blood, people with type 2 diabetes must be treated lifelong with meal planning, exercise, and possibly medication.
Treatment: If you do get diagnosed with diabetes, talk with your healthcare provider about how often you need blood pressure checks, cholesterol/blood fat level checks, dilated eye exams, foot exams, and urine tests for kidney function. Besides tests, the most important factor to keeping diabetes in check is monitoring your diet. Diabetics can eat everything a person without the disease can eat but in moderation. Exercise is necessary, too!
Diabetic Shock: When a diabetic has too much insulin in their body, it causes their level of sugar to become really low. Mild or early symptoms include dizziness, irritability, sweating, hunger, etc. Moderate symptoms include confusion, headache, and poor coordination, while severe symptoms, if not treated quickly, can lead to coma or death. The best way to treat diabetic shock and raise blood sugar levels quickly is to eat or drink some form of sugar. Regular soda, fruit juice, or raisins are all good options to try.
Diabetes can be scary if you don’t know what it is and how to control it. That’s why we’re always here to answer your questions, provide accurate testing, and help! Give us a call at (314) 522-8378 or visit http://dlabtest.com/ for assistance!